Specialized trailers for oversized loads can be considerably longer. 2. This is true on most over the road tractors. No matter what you’re using a pickup truck for, weight matters. appending the letter E allows for larger trailers (GTWR). • 20,000 pounds on a single axle. Manufacturers measure base weight while the truck is empty of everything but essential fluids. • The group axle weights shown … Standard trailers vary in length from 8' containers to 57' van trailers, with the most common length being the 53' trailer. Gross Weight: 80,000 lbs. Published 15 July 2013 Brexit. the 1​1⁄2-ton Ford F-450) and some military vehicles, like the ubiquitous deuce-and-a-half. This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 20:10. They are not the exact measurements of all trucks rented by Penske. B) Combined Rail /truck Dry containers 20’ -> 23.0 metric tons Dry containers 40’ -> cargo weight must not exceed container payload. Double: 36,000 lbs. (a) The gross weight on any one axle shall not exceed 20,000 pounds, and the gross weight upon any one wheel, or wheels, supporting one end of an axle, shall not exceed 10,500 pounds. These limits are subject to the registered gross weight of the vehicle, requirements regarding axle weight and requirements regarding wheel load. TOLERANCE: None. For passenger car and pickup truck classifications, see, Chevrolet Silverado 5500HD/International CV, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The typical 5-axle tractor-trailer combination, NTEA.com – Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) by Class, "Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey – Discontinued", "2005 Dodge Dakota Specifications, Fuel Economy & Overview", http://www.epa.gov/otaq/climate/regulations/420b10039.pdf, "Purpose-built trucks engineered by the leading OEM dedicated to severe-duty trucks", "Feasibility of a New Vehicle Classification System for Canada", Führerscheinklassen (Klassen der Lenkberechtigung), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Truck_classification&oldid=996469240, Articles with dead external links from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles needing additional references from December 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2013, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. When a truck tractor is registered in excess of 73,280 pounds and its operating in combination with an overall gross weight of 73,280 or less, maximum axle weights shall be applicable for the purposes of weighing the combination. There are three different weights for trucks regulated by each state. By Dirck Steimel 12/7/2020. Gross Weight – Maximum allowable weight for trucks on U.S. Interstate highways is 80,000lbs, including tractor weight, chassis and container weight,and cargo weight. “Many states already have increased truck weight limits on some or all of the highways within their state,” said Fisher. Appendix B: Summary of State Exceptions to Federal Truck Weight Limits. The maximum gross weight allowed on a vehicle may not exceed the weight limits adopted by the department. In 1975 the Bridge Formula was passed by Congress to calculate the limitations on the weight-to-length ratio of a vehicle crossing a bridge. Gross Weight: 80,000 lbs. Curb weight takes added features into account. This diagram shows axle #1, the steer axle as a maximum load of 12,000 pounds. Long-haul trucks can weigh 80,000 pounds. The now-imprecise ton rating is presently used to compare standard sizes, rather than actual capacities. Trailer weight: 10,000 pounds. 26 Foot Truck: Room Capacity: 5-7 rooms: Available for Round-Trip: Available for One-Way: Flat Floors: Cruise Control: Seating Option: 3-person bench: 1,000 lb. A steering axle 2. Notwithstanding a vehicle’s conformance with the axle weight requirements, except for the steering axle, all axles weighing over 11,000 pounds must have have at least four tires or have wide-base tires. Rail companies may accept heavier cargo weight in 20’ (not exceeding container payload) subject to a 25% surcharge over the basic rate. Now lets think about heavy truck weights. Try the Penske Truck Wizard. share tweet email. Class 1: This class of truck has a GVWR of 0–6,000 pounds or 0–2,722 kilograms. Tridem: Per FBF Gross Weight: 80,000 lbs. A pickup truck has two weight measurements: base weight and curb weight. Note: Some roads and bridges have lower weight limits than Class 1. A provision allowing farmers to move oversize and overweight loads of grain and other commodities on Iowa roadways is in... Members Only Content. These laws were passed to protect earth and gravel-surfaced roads from damage caused by the steel and solid rubber wheels of early heavy trucks. or in excess of the vehicle gross weight, determined by application of the formula in this subsection, shall be subject to the maximum axle loads specified in column 2 (Normal Loadings When The light-duty trucks category includes commercial truck classes 1, 2, and 3. The type of lorry will affect the weight of goods the vehicle will legally be able to carry. (b) The gross weight limit for any one wheel, or wheels, shall not apply to vehicles with loads of livestock. Vehicle classifications vary among provinces in Canada, due to "differences in size and weight regulations, economic activity, physical environment, and other issues". Commercial operation of a Class 8 vehicle in the United States requires either a Class-B CDL for non-combination vehicles, or a Class-A CDL for combination vehicles (tractor-trailers). By 1933, all states had some form of truck weight regulation. Doubles can be less than 3.0 m, but weight limit restrictions apply. The Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra 1500, Ford F-150, Nissan Titan, Ram 1500, and Toyota Tundra are called "half-ton" pickups (​1⁄2-ton). Non-Interstate limits are typically lower and vary. GVW 80,000. States, however, often have different limits. District of Columbia. Single: 21,000 lbs. Double: 34,000 lbs. (6.5 + 16.5 + 20) = 43.0 (an increase of 0.5 tonne in gross weight does not require an increase in axle spacings) B-DOUBLES Mass limits for tag type trailers are the same as pig trailers LEGEND - General Mass Limits RFS - Certified Road Friendly Suspension NHVAS CML - National Heavy Vehicle Accreditation Scheme Concessional Mass Limits The maximum gross weight of any combination is 80,000 lbs. There are a few reasons that trucks have weight limitations on roads and need to be properly weighed. The GML state the allowable mass for all types of heavy vehicle axle groups unless the vehicle is operating under an accreditation or an exemption under the Heavy Vehicle National Law (HVNL). The GVWR is a safety standard used to prevent the overloading of trucks. The maximum single axle weight is the amount of weight allowed on any one axle. US and WV Routes. Commercial vehicle weight laws are the same from state to state when speaking about the standard truck and trailer. Florida. the fifth wheel position on the lead trailer of a B Train must not be located more than 0.3 meters behind the center of the last axle on the lead semitrailer. Axle Weight – Allowable gross weight on a single or set of axles is regulated by individual states. Single: 20,000 lbs. Single: 22,000 lbs. Payload added to pickup: Two occupants: 300 pounds; Extra cargo: 100 pounds Today these trucks tend to have a curb weight (weight empty but ready-to-drive) around 5,000+ pounds and payload capacities between 1,000 and 3,000 pounds. [17]:3 While several provinces use their own classification schemes for traffic monitoring, Manitoba, Ontario, Prince Edward Island and Saskatchewan have adopted the 13-class system from the United States' Federal Highway Administration—sometimes with modifications, or in Ontario's case, for limited purposes. Maximum allowable axle weight of vehicles are the following: Single Axle - 27,000 pounds; Transportation & Rural Infrastructure. But if you study the actual truck weight limits by state, you’ll find that almost all states allow carriers with designated permits to handle containers that are 10,000–15,000 pounds heavier than the 44,000-pound “limit.” [17]:3–4[needs update] In accident reporting, eight jurisdictions subdivide trucks by GVWR into light and heavy classes at approximately 4500 kg (9921 lb).[17]:6. Trucks that are found to be overweight at a weigh stations can face several consequences including paying fines up to $65 per pound overweight and, in some states, arresting the driver. appending a number to the class denotes the "light" versions of said class. The Department of Transportation also establishes truck weight restrictions for bridges. These lower limits have been imposed by the Road Controlling Authority (RCA) to protect particular bridges or roads from damage. On March 30, the National Grain and Feed Association (NGFA) and more than 60 national agricultural groups urged each state to increase truck weight limits on highways within their jurisdiction to a “minimum harmonized weight” of 88,000 pounds. It is common to see weigh stations along interstates for the purpose of weighing trucks to make sure that they are within the limitations. • The tire manufacturer’s sidewall rating. Bridge Weight . Today these trucks tend to have a curb weight (weight empty but ready-to-drive) around 5,000+ pounds and payload capacities between 1,000 and 3,000 pounds. The typical 5-axle tractor-trailer combination, also called a "semi" or "18-wheeler", is a Class 8 vehicle. US truck class Duty classification Weight limit Examples Class 1: Light truck: 0–6,000 pounds (0–2,722 kg) Chevrolet Colorado/GMC Canyon, Ford Ranger, Honda Ridgeline FWD, Jeep Gladiator, Nissan Frontier, Toyota Tacoma: Class 2a: Light truck: 6,001–8,500 pounds (2,722–3,856 kg) 0 (steer) 20,000. Legal Weight Limits (lbs) Interstate Highways. This article is about commercial truck classifications. Pickup truck GVWR: 7,000 pounds. A truck that is carrying too much weight can make it difficult to brake and maneuver, posing a danger when trying to slow down or go down a hill. Truck images are for illustrative purposes only. Specifications will vary by make, model and year. The weight supported on a tire may not exceed 600 pounds per inch width of tire, if that tire is on: 1. They involve trade-offs between the cost to build and maintain highways and the cost to transport goods by truck, and they have implications for highway safety, traffic flow, and highway finance. Compliance bulletin 2 – Heavy vehicle mass assessment – Compliance and … It's the maximum safe operating weight of a vehicle, and it includes the net weight of the vehicle itself, plus passengers, drivers, fuel, and cargo. Roads can only handle a certain amount of weight, especially in weaker spots such as bridges and overpasses; therefore, no vehicle can be over the weight limit of the weakest point on the road. Additionally, cargo that is too heavy can be dangerous to both the driver and other vehicles on the road. As for profitability, many goods are valued based on their weight; therefore, weight is important in ensuring fair trade and increasing profits. Join Iowa Farm Bureau or login to view all members only content and receive other member … ARB Truck & Bus Regulations; Code of Federal Regulations: Title 23, Part 658, Truck Size & Weight; Code of Federal Regulations: Title 49, Part 390, Fed Motor Carrier Safety Regs; U.S. Code: Title 23, Section 127 - Weight Limitations; U.S. Code: Title 49, Section 31111 - Length Limitations; Associations & Ports. The federal vehicle weight limits are 80,000 pounds gross vehicle weight, 20,000 pounds on a single axle, and 34,000 pounds on a tandem axle group. American Trucking Associations (ATA) 0 (single) 20,000. A lorry’s class is determined by its weight and number of axles. Tridem: Per district weight table Gross Weight: 79,000 lbs. Know Your Commercial Vehicle Weight Laws Matt 2017-10-06T18:29:08+00:00. Chevrolet Silverado 6500HD/International CV. A trailer towed by a vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of 11,000 pounds or less. It is important that each truck is weighed before departing on its route to avoid these repercussions. In order to minimize damages to bridges, DOT weight regulations may call for restricted weight limits on specific bridges. The regulations also require that the maximum weight for a single axle is 20,000 pounds, and 34,000 pounds for a tandem axle vehicle. Regulations are set on both the federal and state level and must be adhered to. Connecticut. General Mass Limits fact sheet (PDF, 340KB)—detailed information on axle mass limits and axle spacing. Federal weight limits of vehicles and axle loading limits are governed by the Federal Bridge Law (FBL), which has four primary rules: . The maximum weight of any individual vehicle, including farm vehicles, is 80,000 lbs. Trucks can be weighed by using wheel-weighers, concrete decks, portable truck scales, digital scales and more. Have you considered how the weather can affect a vehicle extrication? [1][3][4] The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has a separate system of emissions classifications for trucks. The Class 8 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) is a vehicle with a GVWR exceeding 33 000 lb (14 969 kg). Buyers can choose some of these modifications, like its bed/cab size, version, and powertrain. Similar schemes exist for vans and SUVs (e.g. The other two reasons for weighing trucks are taxes and profitability. In the European scheme the European driving licence are (among others) B for cars, C for trucks (lorries), D for buses, and are limited by the GVWR. Example: a legally dispersed 5 axle rig would have a max axle weight of 12000 lbs on steer, 34000 lbs on the drive tandem axles, 17000 lbs on the 4 th axle, and 17000 lbs on the 5 th axle. Actual trucks may vary by make, model and year. The Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra 3500, Ford F-350, and Ram 3500 are known as "one ton" pickups. Since the establishment of the Interstate Highway System in 1956, the federal government has regulated truck size and [1][2] Trucks are also classified more broadly by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), which groups classes 1–2 as light duty, 3–6 as medium duty, and 7–8 as heavy duty; a commercial driver's license (CDL) is generally required to operate heavy duty trucks. 1. The main reason is safety. Commercial Vehicle Weight Laws . Maximum Permit Weight Allowed. The federal vehicle weight limits are 80,000 pounds gross vehicle weight, 20,000 pounds on a single axle, and 34,000 pounds on a tandem axle group. Chevrolet Silverado 4500HD/International CV. General Mass Limits (GML) apply to all heavy vehicles. 00 (tandem) 34,000-Federal Bridge Formula applies to all other combinations. The maximum gross vehicle weight for any commercial vehicle is 80,000 lbs. Weight Limits: the steering axle weight limit on straight trucks was increased to 7250 kg. In Europe, heavy goods vehicles, buses and coaches must comply with certain rules on weights and dimensions for road safety reasons and to avoid damaging roads, bridges and tunnels. [6], Isuzu NRR[11], Freightliner Business Class M2 106, Kenworth T170, Peterbilt 325, When light-duty trucks were first produced in the United States, they were rated by their payload capacity in tons (e.g., ​1⁄2-, ​3⁄4- and 1-ton). E.g. [1][5] The United States Census Bureau also assigned classifications in its now-discontinued Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS) (formerly Truck Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS)). Every public road in the United States is governed by regulations concerning oversize/overweight vehicles at both the federal and state levels, all the way down to municipal levels in some cases. The first truck weight limits were enacted by four states in 1913, ranging from 18,000 pounds (8,200 kg) in Maine to 28,000 pounds (13,000 kg) in Massachusetts. Truck classifications are typically based upon the maximum loaded weight of the truck, typically using the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and sometimes also the gross trailer weight rating (GTWR), and can vary among jurisdictions. NSW Grain Harvest Management Scheme (2016-2021) Eligible Vehicle configurations and Allowable Weight Limits Performance Based Standards (PBS) vehicles must be operated in accordance with the mass limits and conditions specified in the PBS Vehicle Approval and must only operate on routes listed in the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (NHVR) issued Class 2 Permit. [1][16] These include tractor trailer tractors as well as single-unit dump trucks of a GVWR over 33,000 lb; such trucks typically have 3 or more axles. Parts VII and VIII of the Act are included as Chapters 6 of this guide book. The ramifications of these regulations affect every aspect of our domestic and worldwide economies. [citation needed], This has led to categorizing trucks similarly, even if their payload capacities are different. 1. Pickup truck weight before added payload: 5,500 pounds. When commercial motor vehicles became heavier in the 1970s, there was a concern that a great number of bridges along the interstate highway system would not stand up to the additional weight. a 1-ton Dodge Van or a ​1⁄2-ton GMC Suburban), medium duty trucks (e.g. These special limits are indicated on road signs that read ‘Class C’ or ‘Heavy Vehicle Axle Limit’ or ‘Heavy Vehicle Bridge Limits’. This classification is more or less similar to the one of International Driving Permit. It is important that each truck is weighed before departing on its route to avoid these repercussions. **The truck specifications listed above are based upon Penske's most commonly rented fleet. Truck weight limits have always been controversial. Gross weight of a vehicle or combination of vehicles is limited to the lowest of: • 600 pounds per inch of total tire width on the tires. tions weights are based on safety considerations and a desire to limit the wear that HDVs cause to road surfaces, substruc - tures and bridges. Axle Weight – the amount of weight allowed on any one axle or specific group of axles. Understanding Gross Vehicle Weight Rating . Roads in the United States are regulated in a number of ways, one of them concerning the weight of trucks and semis. Class 2 2001 Ford Excursion 4×4 (GVWR: 8,600 pounds (3.9 t), Class 4 2008 Ford F-450 4×4 pick-up truck (GVWR: 14,500 pounds (6.6 t)), Class 5 2005 Chevy Kodiak 4×4 (GVWR: 17,500 pounds (7.9 t)), Class 6 2002 Ford F-650 in front (GVWR: 26000 lb), 1989 Ford F-600 in back (GVWR: 20,200 pounds (9.2 t). An axle equipped with dual tires; or 3. In the United States, commercial truck classification is determined based on the vehicle's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). Topics: Crops. The first is the maximum gross vehicle weight is the weight of the vehicle specified by the manufacturer including its chassis, body, engine, engine fluids, accessories, drivers, passengers and cargo. Truck weight limit raised through Dec. 10. The maximum tandem axle weight is the weight allowed on any tandem axle. Determine the Right Truck Size. Tridem: 60,000 lbs. Double: 37,000 lbs. The classes range from 1–8. Over time, payload capacities for most domestic pickup trucks have increased while the ton titles have stayed the same. [citation needed]. Single: 20,000 lbs. The Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra 2500, Ford F-250, and Ram 2500 are called "three-quarter-ton" pickups. States, however, often have different limits. Carriers pay taxes for the amount of stress put on the roads, and the weight of the trucks is used to calculate the taxes owed. [17]:3–4[needs update] British Columbia and Ontario also distinguish between short- and long-combination trucks. The typical 5-axle tractor-trailer combination, also called a "semi" or "18-wheeler", is a Class 8 vehicle. Class 2: This class of truck has a GVWR of 6,001–10,000 pounds or 2,722–4,536 kilograms. These include tractor trailer tractors as well as single-unit dump trucks of a GVWR over 33,000 lb; such trucks typically have 3 or more axles. I ramble on for a bit on how I understand the commercial truck weight axle limits that determine how much weight you can actually haul. Delaware. However, the shorter wheelbase of garbage and recycling trucks results lower legal weight around 51,000 pounds with an empty weight about 33,000 pounds. • 5-axle truck tractor, semitrailer combinations having 2 consecutive sets of tandem axles, vehicles having a gross weight in excess of 80,000 lbs. Manufacturers must consider the size and weight limitations of their products to keep their transportation costs down, internat… Analysis by ITD subject matter experts found that allowing heavier loads on the specified routes could be accommodated without affecting safety or pavement conditions. Diesel Fuel: Miles per Gallon (Est. These highways are currently rated for commercial loads weighing up to 105,500 pounds. Loading Ramp: Vehicle Towing: Fuel: 26 Foot Truck: Fuel Tank: Up to 50 gal. Ontario vehicle weight and dimension limits are prescribed in the Highway Traffic Act (HTA) and its various regulations which are administered by the Ministry of Transportation, Ontario (MTO). The maximum weight that states must enforce for vehicles on the interstate system is 80,000 pounds for the overall gross weight limit. The Class 8 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) is a vehicle with a GVWR exceeding 33000 lb (14969 kg). • 34,000 pounds on a tandem axle. Truck – trailer (TT) 53´ 48´ 8.22 ... transport compared with the general legal limit 40 t GCW Restriction on weight of EMS vehicle combinations will likely have a negative impact on inter-modal transports and on bulk transports (weight sensitive) for which no alternative exist. The table below has each state’s maximum allowed weight for gross vehicle weight, single axle weight, and tandem axle weight. Gross Vehicle Weight Limits: See Weight Calculator: Cannot exceed the sum of the maximum legal axle weights to a maximum of 60,500 kg. Class 8 Kenworth W900 tractor with spread-axle 48-foot (14.63 m) refrigerated trailer. Farm vehicles, is a class 8 vehicle 14.63 m ) refrigerated trailer *... ; Bridge weight, like its bed/cab size, version, and 2500. 14.63 m ) refrigerated trailer one of International Driving Permit imposed by the road Controlling Authority RCA... Weighed by using wheel-weighers, concrete decks, portable truck scales, digital scales and more capacities different... 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Steer axle as a maximum load of 12,000 pounds page was last edited on 26 2020... Overweight loads of grain and other commodities on Iowa roadways is in... Members Only.! ) is a class 8 vehicle class 2: this class of truck has a GVWR of 6,001–10,000 pounds 0–2,722! A single axle weight and number of axles with spread-axle 48-foot ( 14.63 m ) refrigerated trailer all vehicles... Grain and other commodities on Iowa roadways is in... Members Only Content:... Weight of the vehicle 's gross vehicle weight, and 34,000 pounds for the gross! While the truck specifications listed above are based upon Penske 's most rented. Farm vehicles, is 80,000 pounds for a single or set of axles worldwide economies maximum allowed for... This guide book pounds or 2,722–4,536 kilograms: this class of truck weight limits the! Classification is more or less limit on straight trucks was increased to 7250 kg that! Pavement conditions similar schemes exist for vans and SUVs ( e.g regulations also that... States, commercial truck classification is more or less similar to the class 8 gross... Above are based upon Penske 's most commonly rented fleet called `` three-quarter-ton pickups! Standard truck and trailer for restricted weight limits adopted by the department some and!, including farm vehicles, like its bed/cab size, version, and.. ( tandem ) 34,000-Federal Bridge Formula applies to all other combinations presently used to compare standard,. Many states already have truck weight limits while the truck is weighed before departing on route... Of 6,001–10,000 pounds or 2,722–4,536 kilograms and must be adhered to axle weight, Ram! Are a few reasons that trucks have weight limitations on the interstate system is 80,000.! Rubber wheels of early heavy trucks heavy trucks straight trucks was increased to 7250 kg Allowable axle –! If their payload capacities are different:3–4 [ needs update ] British Columbia and Ontario also between. Weight regulation that the maximum gross weight: 80,000 lbs and axle spacing have increased the! Vehicle weight rating ( GVWR ) is a class 8 vehicle,,! Standard sizes, rather than actual capacities [ 17 ]:3–4 [ needs update ] British Columbia Ontario!, model and year the ubiquitous deuce-and-a-half SUVs ( e.g medium duty trucks (.. Vehicle may not exceed 600 pounds Per inch width of tire, that! Information on axle Mass limits fact sheet ( PDF, 340KB ) —detailed information on axle Mass (! Without affecting safety or pavement conditions trailers for oversized loads can be considerably longer 79,000... On most over the road vehicles on the weight-to-length ratio of a with. S maximum allowed weight for any one wheel, or wheels, shall not apply to all combinations! But weight limit restrictions apply a tandem axle weight – the amount of weight allowed on one... Last edited on 26 December 2020, at 20:10 00 ( tandem 34,000-Federal. Trucks results lower legal weight around 51,000 pounds with an empty weight about 33,000 pounds that the maximum weight states! Restrictions for bridges, DOT weight regulations may call for restricted weight limits: the steering axle weight of combination... No matter what you ’ re using a pickup truck for, weight matters farmers! Commercial vehicle weight rating ( GVWR ) weight limitations on the road Controlling Authority ( RCA to. Specifications listed above are based upon Penske 's most commonly rented fleet width of tire, that... Its weight and number of axles is regulated by individual states limits are subject to the one of Driving! Are called `` three-quarter-ton '' pickups is the amount of weight allowed on a tire may exceed. Early heavy trucks guide book based on the road Controlling Authority ( RCA ) to protect earth and gravel-surfaced from! To compare standard sizes, rather than actual capacities all heavy vehicles is empty of everything essential. To compare standard sizes, rather than actual capacities the weight allowed on a single or set axles... To move oversize and overweight loads of livestock: Per FBF gross weight of goods the vehicle will legally able... Dot weight regulations may call for restricted weight limits adopted by the steel and solid rubber of... And worldwide economies truck specifications listed above are based upon Penske 's most commonly rented fleet less... Payload capacities are different are based upon Penske 's most commonly rented.. Tridem: Per district weight table gross weight: 79,000 lbs, 340KB ) —detailed information on Mass... `` one ton '' pickups ” said Fisher to avoid these repercussions its weight number... Gvwr of 6,001–10,000 pounds or 2,722–4,536 kilograms lower limits have been imposed by steel! Is more or less similar to the class 8 Kenworth W900 tractor with spread-axle 48-foot ( 14.63 m refrigerated!
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